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DOCUMENT TITLE: Advanced Technology Covenant - Estate/RTC
SUBJECT: License to Religious Technology Center (RTC) to use and sublicense the Advance Technology outside the U.S.
PARTIES: Norman F. Starkey, Executor of the Will of L. Ron Hubbard, doing business as the "L. Ron Hubbard Library;" Warren McShane, Secretary of RTC; the corporation known as "Church of Spiritual Technology" (CST) as successor to the Estate's interest in this Covenant; Meade Emory and Sherman Lenske, drafters of the "Covenant"; Sherman Lenske as counsel to Starkey during probate of the Will; Sherman Lenske, Stephen Lenske, and Lawrence E. Heller, Special Directors of CST at the time of the Covenant, as "consultants" to Starkey (Trustee of both Author's Family Trust-A and Author's Family Trust-B), and as "Trust Protectors"


This is a "Covenant" (agreement; broadest usage: contract) of 30 November 1988 between Norman F. Starkey and the corporation known as "Religious Technology Center" (RTC) granting RTC the exclusive license only to use and sublicense the Advanced Technology outside of the United States and its territories and possessions. "License," in Black's Law Dictionary, is defined as "the permission by competent authority to do an act which, without such permission, would be illegal, a trespass, or a tort [civil violation]."

This Covenant only grants a license for the use of the advanced technology in certain specific ways. it does not convey or transfer any of the copyrights to the advanced technology, and specifically states that in the Covenant. See section 7(a) of this Covenant. Those copyrights, being held in the estate at the time of this document, currently belong solely to the corporation known as "Church of Spiritual Technology" (CST).

On 29 November 1993, by order of IRS, this covenant was transferred completely by Starkey to the corporation known as "Church of Spiritual Technology" (CST) in a document entitled "ASSIGNMENT AND ASSUMPTION (RTC)," which made CST the successor to Starkey/the Estate. Therefore, wherever this Covenant refers to "the Estate," and any "successor of the Estate," the designation "[CST]" has been added to this document to indicate CST's current ownership of this licensing Covenant and CST's role in relation to the licensed rights.

CST is not a church; it is a corporation. Ref. U.S. Claims Court No. 581-88T, Judge Bruggink:

"CST is not a church...CST represents that it is a religious corporation organized to accomplish the activities of a church. Despite its name, CST is not itself a church... ."

Here is the document, plus three attachments--Exhibit 1, Exhibit 2,
and Exhibit 3:



          ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY COVENANT - ESTATE[CST]/RTC

     THIS COVENANT, effective this 30 day of November 1988, is hereby
executed by and between NORMAN F. STARKEY, as Executor of the Will of
L. Ron Hubbard, doing business as L. Ron Hubbard Library (hereinafter
referred to as "the Estate" [CST]), and RELIGIOUS TECHNOLOGY CENTER, a
California non-profit religious corporation (hereinafter referred to
as "RTC").

RECITALS

     A. L. Ron Hubbard was the founder of the religion of Scientology,
which is based on a body of thruths, and the technology for applying
them, that was discovered, described, and refined by L. Ron Hubbard
through forty years of research and study, and is contained in the
writings and recorded spoken words of L. Ron Hubbard relating to the
religion of Scientology and the organizations formed to disseminate
the religion of Scientology. Such writings and recorded spoken words
of L. Ron Hubbard are hereinafter referred to as the "Scientology
Scriptures." The Scientology Scriptures are the sole source of all the
doctrines, tenets, sacrements, rituals and policies of the religion of
Scientology.

     B. L. Ron Hubbard published much of the Scientology Scriptures
for the use and benefit of mankind through the religion and
organizations of Scientology. The portion of the Scientology
Scriptures that constitutes the upper levels of spiritual awareness of
the religion is called the religion's "Advanced Technology." The
Advanced Technology is a substantial body of copyrighted unpublished
written information that has been protected and maintained as highly
confidential property, and that is to be made available only to
Scientology organizations that qualify to deliver the Advanced
Technology (referred to herein as the "Advanced Scientology
Organizations").

     C. The Advanced Technology is the most sacred part of the
Scientology Scriptures and is maintained and used in strict accordance
with Scientology Scriptural requirements. These Scriptural
requirements ensure the sanctity of the Advanced Technology and the
orthodox and ethical practice of the Scientology faith for all time.

     D. A fundamental doctrine of the religion of Scientology is that
the Advanced Technology can be grasped and utilized only by
Scientologists who, through processing, have attained an appropriate
preclear or pre-OT grade on the Scientology Classification, Gradation
and Awareness Chart, as described in the particular level of Advanced
Technology. Under this doctrine, revelation of Advanced Technology to
one who has not attained the appropriate preclear or pre-OT grade
risks spiritual harm.

     E. Orthodox and ethical Scientology religious practice therefore
requires that Advanced Technology be used without alteration and
consistent with the Scriptures, that the confidentiality of Advanced
Technology be absolutely maintained, and that Advanced Technology be
revealed only to Scientologists who have advanced to the appropriate
level of spiritual awareness.

     F. RTC was formed by Scientologists, with the approval of L. Ron
Hubbard, for the exclusive purpose of protecting the religion of
Scientology by ensuring that Scientology religious services are
orthodox and comport with all Scriptual requirements. RTC accomplishes
its religious purpose by authorizing and supervising the use of
Scientology religious trademarks by the Church of Scientology
International, the Mother Church of the Scientology faith, and by
authorizing and supervising the use of Advanced Technology bu Advanced
Scientology Organizations.

     G. L. Ron Hubbard died on January 24, 1986 and Norman F. Starkey
was, on February 16, 1986, duly appointed the Executor of the Will of
L. Ron Hubbard by the Superior Court in and for the County of San Luis
Obispo, California, Case No. 20885. Case No. 20885 remains pending as
of the date of execution of this Covenant, and therefore the Estate
[CST] currently owns all rights in the Advanced Technology that were
owned by L. Ron Hubbard at the time of his death and has the right to
control the use of such Advanced Technology. The Estate [CST] is now
prepared to grant authority to RTC to protect and control the
utilization of the Advanced Technology throughout the world in
accordance with Scientology Scriptural requirements.

     H. It is the purpose of this Covenant to authorize the orthodox
and ethical use of the Advanced Technology identified in Exhibits 1
and 2 attached hereto throughout the world, excluding the United
States and its territories and possessions (hereinafter referred to as
the "Territory"), and to enable RTC to permit Advanced Scientology
Organizations to utilize the Advanced Technology in the Territory in
accordance with the terms and conditions contained herein.

     NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual convenants and
conditions contained herein, the Estate [CST] and RTC covenant as
follows:

1. Recitals. The Recitals set forth in paragraphs A through H above
are made a part of this Covenant.

2. Grant of Authority. The Estate [CST] hereby grants to RTC the
exclusive authority to:

     (a) permit Advanced Scientology Organizations in the Territory as
RTC may select:

          (i) to use the Advanced Technology identified in Exhibit 1
attached hereto for the purpose of processing preclears and pre-OTs in
the Advanced Technology; and

          (ii) use the Advanced Technology identified in Exhibit 2
attached hereto in the Territory to train persons for the purpose of
processing preclears and pre-OTs in the Advanced Technology;

     (b) make such copies of the Advanced Technology as are required
to comply with covenants between RTC and Advanced Scientology
Organizations, and to distribute such copies to Advanced Scientology
Organizations in accordance with the limitations set forth in
Paragraph 3 of this Covenant, but RTC may not permit any third parties
to copy or distribute the Advanced Technology; and

     (c) protect and enforce all rights in the Advanced Technology in
the Territory, including copyright rights
and trade secret rights, and
to collect damages for any past, present, or future infringement or
misappropriation of such rights by third parties.

3. Limitations. RTC shall use the Advanced Technology, and shall
ensure that it is used by Advanced Scientology Organizations, without
alteration and strictly in accordance with the Scientology Scriptures,
particularly with that portion of the Scientology Scriptures known as
the Scientology systems of ethics and justice and its related
administrative policies.

4. Distribution of Contributions.

     (a) RTC shall not be required to make any monetary payments to
the Estate [CST] for the grant of authority set forth in paragraph 2
of this Covenant.

     (b) It is understood and agreed that RTC will establish
appropriate rates of contribution for the use of the Advanced
Technology by Advanced Scientology Organization as a way to provide
financial support for RTC's religious activities and for the
dissemination and growth of the religion of Scientology.

     (c) RTC shall apply to religious and charitable purposes, other
than the support of RTC and its operations, at least ninety percent
(90%) of the total contributions that RTC receives from authorizing
the Advanced Scientology Organizations to use the Advanced Technology.
Such religious and charitable purposes shall be determined by the
Directors of RTC, and must be either consistent with the purposes of
the religion of Scientology according to the Scientology Scriptures,
or for the general purpose of advancing the moral and ethical level of
mankind. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, acceptable
purposes for the uses of such contributions shall be:

          (1) establishing and maintaining an indestructible record of
the Scientology Scriptures;

          (2) establishing and maintaining a museum of the religion of
Scientology;

          (3) establishing religious schools, scholarships and
retreats;

          (4) supporting other qualified organizations of the
religion of Scientology; and

          (5) publishing, disseminating and promoting literature that
is not part of the Scientology Scriptures but which, in the judgment
of the Directors of RTC, is in concert with the broad goals of
Scientology and is worthy of support for the general benefit of
mankind.

     (d) RTC may retain for the purposes of paying RTC's operating and
overhead expenses up to ten percent (10%) of the total contributions
received by RTC from authorizing the Advanced Scientology
Organizations to use the Advanced Technology.

5. Term and Termination.

     (a)  The term of this Covenant shall be perpetual, subject to the
provisions of paragraphs 5(b) through 5(d) below.

     (b)  This Covenant is subject to termination at any time by any
successor of the Estate [CST] to the rights in the Advanced
Technology. Any continuation of this Covenant after such a succession
will be at the will of the Estate's successor. [NOTE: Successor of the
estate is the corporation known as "Church of Spiritual Technology"
(CST), who now has the right to continue this Covenant or not.]

     (c)  The Estate [CST] retains the right to terminate this
Covenant at any time if it determines, in its sole and absolute
discretion, that RTC has failed to preserve and maintain the
confidentiality, purity, and ethical use of the Advanced Technology in
accordance with the Scientology Scriptures and the Scientology system
of ethics and justice, or that RTC in any way has placed the Advanced
Technology in danger of appropriation by any entity that is outside of
or hostile to the religion of Scientology, or that RTC has permitted
and is permitting use of the Advanced Technology in any way that is
contrary to the Scientology Scriptures or the Scientology system of
ethics and justice or seriously damages the religion of Scientology.

     (d)  On termination of this Covenant for any reason, RTC shall
immediately cease all use of the Advanced Technology, shall promptly
account to the Estate [CST] for each physical copy of the Advanced
Technology, and shall transfer all such copies within RTC's
possession, custody, or control to the Estate [CST] or to the Estate's
successor [NOTE: CST became the Estate's successor], or to the
designee of the Estate [CST] or the Estate's successor [CST became the
Estate's successor].

6.  Indemnification.

     (a)  RTC acknowledges the full responsibility of RTC and the
Advanced Scientology Organizations for the ethical and proper use and
delivery of the Advanced Technology according to the Scientology
Scriptures, and agrees that it will make no claim that the Estate
[CST] is responsible for the content or delivery of the Advanced
Technology. RTC hereby indemnifies and waives any claim against the
Estate [CST] or its agents, employees, representatives or successors
[CST became the Estate's successor], and agrees to hold them harmless
from all costs, liabilities, and claims of any kind that arise from or
relate to the use or misuse of the Advanced Technology by RTC or the
Advanced Scientology Organizations. All such claims shall be defended
at the expense of RTC.

     (b)  The writings of L. Ron Hubbard are a record of research and
observation by him into the nature of the human mind and spirit. These
writings contain a spiritual and religious guide intended to assist
persons to become more aware of themselves as spiritual beings,
restoring respect for self and others, and not for treating or
diagnosing human ailments of body or mind, nor for engaging in
teaching or practicing medical arts or sciences. The Estate [CST]
makes no claim that the nature or purpose of the Advanced Technology
exceeds this description of Scientology or that the application of the
Advanced Technology will have any particular effect on any particular
parishioner.

     (c) RTC shall include the disclaimer set forth in paragraph 7(b)
above in all agreements with Advanced Scientology Organizations
relating to the Advanced Technology and shall require the Advanced
Scientology Organizations to obtain from all persons to whom the
Advanced Technology is to be delivered a waiver identical to the
waiver set forth in Exhibit 3 attached hereto.

7. Title and Copyrights.

     (a)  RTC acknowledges that all copyright rights covering the
Advanced Technology are retained and owned exclusively by the Estate
[CST].


8. Protection and Enforcement of Rights.

     (a)  RTC shall initiate suits against any third party who
infringes RTC's rights granted under this Covenant if the opinion of
RTC's counsel is that such infringement should be enforced. The
conduct of such lawsuits initiated by RTC shall be within the sole
control of RTC, who shall vigorously prosecute such suits. However,
the Estate [CST] may at its option and its own expense (1) participate
in such suits in an advisory capacity, (2) be joined in such suit as a
party, or (3) initiate suit on its own behalf.

     (b)  RTC shall pay all legal expenses incurred in connection with
the conduct of litigation hereunder that it institutes and shall be
entitled to retain any award or damages received pursuant to such
litigation. To the extent that the Estate [CST] participates in such
suits, any award in damages received shall be divided between the
Estate [CST] and RTC in proportion to their share of expenses incurred
in connection with such litigation.

9. Assignability. This Covenant shall be considered personal to RTC,
and RTC may not assign any of its rights or duties under this
Covenant.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, and intending to be legally bound, duly
authorized representatives of RTC have executed this Covenant below.

Date: November 30, 1988       By      [signature]
                              _________________________________
                              NORMAN F. STARKEY
                              As Executor of the Will of
                              L. Ron Hubbard

RELIGIOUS TECHNOLOGY CENTER

Date: Dec 15, 1988            By     [signature]
                              _________________________________
                              Name: Warren McShane
                              Title: Secretary

------------------------------------------------------------------

Exhibit 1

PRECLEAR/PRE-OT PROCESSING LEVELS

GRADE/LEVEL              MATERIALS/STATE ATTAINED

Grade V & VA Release     The Power and Power Plus Processes
                         (Power Release)

Grade VI Release         R6 End Words (Whole Track Release)

Clear                    Clearing Course

OT I                     Section One Operating Thetan

OT II                    Section Two Operating Thetan

OT III                   Section Three Operating Thetan

New OT IV                Operating Thetan Drug Rundown Completion

New OT V                 Audited New Era Dianetics for Operating
                         Thetans

New OT V1                Hubbard Solo New Era Dianetics for
                         Operating Thetans Auditing Course

New OT VII               Solo New Era Dianetics for Operating
                         Thetans Completion

New OT VIII              Truth Revealed

New OT IX                Character

New OT X                 Operating

New OT XI                Future

L - 10                   List 10

L - 11                   New Life Rundown

L - 12                   Flag OT Executive Rundown

OT Review Auditing

------------------------------------------------------------------

Exhibit 2

AUDITOR TRAINING

CLASS/DESCRIPTION             CERTIFICATE/FORMAL NAME

Class VII Auditor             Hubbard Graduate Auditor

Class VII Case Supervisor     Hubbard Graduate Case
                              Supervisor

Class VIII Auditor            Hubbard Standard
(Confid. Section)             Technical Specialist

Solo Case Supervisor          Hubbard Solo Case
                              Supervisor

Class X Auditor               Class X Auditor

Class X Case Supervisor       Class X Case Supervisor

Class XI Auditor              Class XI Auditor

Class XII Auditor             Class XII Auditor

Class XII Case Supervisor     Class XII Case Supervisor

NED for OT's Auditor          Hubbard Advanced Courses
                              Specialist

NED for OT's Case Supervisor  Hubbard Advanced Courses
                              Specialist Case Supervisor

Confidential Section of
the Solo Auditor Course
(R6EW Materials)

Senior NCT's Course

New Vitality Rundown
Auditor's Course

New Vitality Rundown Case
Supervisor Course

------------------------------------------------------------------

Exhibit 3

Waiver

1.  The undersigned hereby acknowledges that:

a.  The writings of L. Ron Hubbard ("LRH") are a record of observation
and research by him into the nature of the human mind and spirit.
These writings contain a spiritual and religious guide intended to
assist persons to become more aware of themselves as spiritual beings,
restoring respect for self and others, and not for treating or
diagnosing human ailments of body or mind, nor for engaging in
teaching or practising medical arts or sciences. L. Ron Hubbard and
his Estate [CST], RELIGIOUS TECHNOLOGY CENTER ("RTC"), and (Advanced
Scientology Organization) make no claim that the nature or purpose of
the Advanced Technology exceeds this description of Scientology or
that the application of the Advanced Technology will have any
particular effect on any particular parishioner.

b.  The undersigned relies on (Advanced Scientology Organization)
alone, without the participation of any other person or entity, for
the ethical and proper delivery of the Advanced Technology according
to the Scriptures.

c.  The undersigned hereby waives any claims against L. Ron Hubbard
and his Estate [CST], RTC, (Advanced Scientology Organization) and the
agents, employees, representatives, predecessors, successorts,
assigns, and affiliates of any of them, which is inconsistent with the
preceding paragraph, and will hold them harmless from any related or
resulting cost or liability, including attorneys' fees.

Dated: ________________________    ____________________________


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